ECT is a medical treatment known to be effective for many mental disorders and certain serious medical conditions. After general anaesthesia, an electrical current is delivered into the skull through electrodes for a few seconds. This current induces a short brain seizure but does not cause any pain.
It Will Usually Be Suggested If Your Condition Is:
Most people who have ECT see an improvement in their symptoms.
The effects of ECT gradually build with each treatment. It causes the release of certain brain chemicals. These seem to stimulate the growth of some areas in the brain that tend to shrink with depression. ECT also appears to change how parts of the brain which are involved in emotions interact with each other.
There Are Two Ways In Which Ect Is Given: ‘Bilateral’ And ‘Unilateral’.
Preparing for ECT
In the days before your course of ECT is started, your doctor will arrange for some tests to make sure it is safe for you to have a general anesthesia. These may include:
ECT is one part of getting better. Medication will be continued after ECT.
Side Effects Are Usually Mild And Short Term.
Short-Term Side Effects
Immediately After An Ect Treatment, You May Feel:
Rigorous scientific research has not found any evidence of physical brain damage to patients who have had ECT. There is no increased risk of epilepsy, stroke or dementia after ECT
Due to these conditions, the decision to use this therapy is made after a complete physical exam. ECT is given in a treatment room equipped to solve any problems that may arise
Yes. Before receiving treatment, users (or their representative) must provide written consent to authorize ECT and general anesthesia by signing a consent form. The consent must be free (without coercion or pressure) and informed (in the light of all the information). It is a good idea for the user to be accompanied by a relative or anyone who can help him make a decision.
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) uses pulsing magnetic fields to activate or suppress the brain centres associated with medical and psychiatric disorders, thus treating the brain circuits involved in your condition. Treatment is non-invasive and is usually given as an outpatient, generally alongside medication.
rTMS uses a focused electromagnetic field to stimulate certain areas of your brain. These areas affect your impulses, thoughts, emotions and behaviours, and maybe more or less active in people with depression and other mental health disorders.
The doctor or rTMS technician stimulates the brain by placing a magnetic coil against your scalp in a specific area. The coil delivers magnetic pulses to the brain. Research shows that a full course of rTMS can help the brain return to normal functioning
Patients who have not responded to medications or psychological therapy (treatment resistance)
Given The High Magnetic Fields Needed, You Are Unable To Receive Rtms Treatment If You Have Any Type Of Non-Removable Metal In Or Near Your Head, Except For Braces Or Dental Fillings. Therefore, People Who Have Any Of The Following Should Not Receive Rtms:
Treatment with rTMS usually involves daily sessions of up to 30 minutes (but often less than 10 minutes), five days a week, for four to six weeks.
Common side effects